Spectacle Archive

International Brigade Bosco Jones Interview on Spanish Civil War - 1985

Introduction

1985 Interview with John 'Bosco' Jones, International Brigader and Anti-Fascist Activist in East London during the 1930's.

Entrevista con Bosco Jones, integrante de las Brigadas Internacionales y activista antifascista en el Este d



To hear about Bosco's account of Fascism in London in the 1930's click here.


Para escuchar el testimonio de Bosco Jones acerca del antifascismo en Londres en los 30, haga click aqui.

Key Words and their time code mentioned in the interview.

07:29 The News Chronicle

News Chronicle

The News Chronicle was a British daily newspaper. It ceased publication in 1960, being absorbed into the Daily Mail.

Concise History of the British News Paper

A helpful Chronology of the evolution of the British news paper in the 20th Century by the British Library.

News Chronicle

Background information on the News Chronicle.

07:42 James Cameron

James Cameron

Mark James Cameron (17 June 1911 ? 26 January 1985) was a prominent British journalist.

BBC Report on James Cameron

James Cameron was perhaps the most defining journalist of the last 50 years.

The Great Reporters

Web page with links to a book about the top journalists.

James Cameron

Biography of James Cameron

James Cameron

A thoughtful and unfortunately brief accolade to James Cameron.

08:07 International Brigade

International Brigades

For more information on the international Brigades see the links listed at the bottom of this page.

08:35 National Unemployed Workers Movement

NUWM

Wikipedia website: National Unemployed Workers' Movement was a British organisation set up in 1921 by members of the Communist Party of Great Britain.

National Unemployed Workers Movement

Link to the N.U.W.M's website

09:19 Climbing over the Pyrenees

Climbing the Pyrenees

Commemorative crossing of the Pyrenees 14-17 April 2006

Crossing the Pyrenees

Steve Fullarton: An account by a IB scotsman of his journey to Spain including crossing the Pyrenees.

Crossing the Pyrenees

George Wheeler: An account of a IB Englishman who crossed the Pyrenees including a horrific tale of Fascist imprisonment.

10:41 and 22:59 Battle of Jarama

Wikipedia: Battle of Jarama

The Battle of Jarama (February 6-27, 1937) was an indecisive Nationalist crossing of the river Jarama, just east of Madrid, during the Spanish Civil War.

Battle of the Jarama River

The battle of the Jarama River, 12-14 February 1937

La Batalla Del Jarama

Spanish website of the Battle of Jarama.

Photos of Jarama

Website with present day photographs and information on the Battle of Jarama.

Battle of Jarama

Educational website on the Battle of Jarama

Battle of Jarama Remembered

An Unrepentant Communist: Report and commemoration of the Battle of Jarama.

Merseyside recruits in the Battle of Jarama

A commemorative site for those recruits from Liverpool killed at the battle of Jarama.

2:22 Tom Wintringham

Wikipedia: Tom Wintringham

Thomas Henry (Tom) Wintringham (15 May 1898?16 August 1949) was a British soldier, military historian, journalist, poet, Marxist, politician and author.

Tom Wintringham

Educational website on Tom Wintringham.

Tom Wintringham

Historical biography on Tom Wintringham.

Tom Wintringham

A website listing the achievements of Tom Wintringham.

Camden New Journal: Tom Wintringham

An article on Tom Wintringham with photos published in the Camden New Journal.

04:34 Mexicanski Rifles

Mexicanski Rifles

This article makes reference to the term Mexicanski Rifle which was IB slang: " And there we got our first rifles. Russian rifles and we were told not to say a word about the Russian rifles, so we fell in with that, we called then Mexicanski rifles and even today you can hear the international brigade refer to the Mexicanski rifles, its the Russian rifles hes talking about because we were very good in that sense of keeping military secrets."

Mexicanski Rifles

History book on Google Books 'The Spanish Civil War, 1936-39' by Patrick Tumbull which mentions the 'mexicanski rifle: " The weapon is the 'mexicanski', the most common rifle among very different types acquired by the republic: it is a Russian Moisin-Nagant supplied via Mexico."

05:20 Chauchat Gun

Wikipedia: Chauchat Gun

Its formal designation in the French Army was Fusil-Mitrailleur Mle 1915 CSRG. It was also known as the CSRG or Gladiator.

Chauchat

Informative site on the history of the gun and its properties including a picture.

Chauchat gun

World war One web site and the Chauchat gun.

05:52 Lewis Gun

Wikipedia: Lewis Gun

The Lewis Gun is a pre-World War I era squad automatic weapon/machine gun of American design that was most widely used by the forces of the British Empire.

Lewis gun

Photograph of the Lewis gun

Lewis Gun

The story of the Lewis Gun in WWI

Lewis Gun

Comprehensive article on the Lewis Gun and its origins in WWI

Lewis Gun

The Story Of How The Lewis Light Machine Gun Arrived On The Western Front In The Great War.

7:28''Moors''

Wikipedia: Moroccan Regulares

In 1936 the Army of Africa, totaling 30,000 in the Legion and Moroccan regiments, joined the rebellion led by General Franco against the Republican Government in Madrid.

Military Organisation in Morocco

Extensive details of the Morracan Army lay out and its use by the Spanish and by Franco.

Wikipedia: Morrocan Regulares in the Battle of Jarama

Jarama pitted the elite Spanish Foreign Legionnaires and Moroccan Regulares of Franco's Army of Africa against the Republican Army of the Centre, including the volunteers of the International Brigades

Wikipedia: The Spanish Civil War and the Regulares

The Army of Africa was to play a key part during the Spanish Civil War of 1936-39. Along with other units in the Spanish Army, the Army of Africa rose against the Republic and took part in the Nacional military uprising of July 1936. On July 18, 1936, General Francisco Franco assumed the supreme command over this force.

07:38 O'Duffy and the Blue Shirts

Wikipedia: The Blueshirts

The Blueshirts have been been regarded as Ireland's equivalent of Adolf Hitler's Brownshirts and Benito Mussolini's Blackshirts which were members of the European right-wing movements.

Wikipedia: Eoin O'Duffy

Eoin O'Duffy led the Irish Brigade to fight for Francisco Franco during the Spanish Civil War. He once proclaimed himself the "third most important man in Europe" after Adolf Hitler and fellow Fascist Benito Mussolini.

Ireland and Fascism

Article on fascism in Ireland

Eoin O'Duffy

Some articles about Eoin O Duffy, leader of the Blueshirts

The Blueshirts

The Army Comrades' Association was established in Ireland in February 1932. The organisation soon became known as Blueshirts.

Eoin O'Duffy

1934 news article about O'Duffy.

W.B Yeats describing the Blueshirts

Selected essays by Yeats talking about Blueshirt activity in Ireland.

Paul Robeson

Wikipedia: Paul Robeson

Robeson toured Republican Spain during the Spanish Civil War and was photographed with members of the Abraham Lincoln Brigade, including its black commander Oliver Law. His repertoire included Peat Bog Soldiers, which was popular with International Brigades volunteers and veterans alike.

Paul Robeson, Spain and the Anti-fascist Crusade.

A tribute site to Paul Robeson and his involvement in the Spanish Civil War, very informative and well worth reading.

Paul Robeson

Educational website about Paul Robeson's life.

09:45 Anarchists

Anarchism

Website dedicated to publicising the role of anarchism in the Spanish civil War.

Wikipedia: Anarchism

In the 1920s and 1930s, the rise of fascism in Europe transformed anarchism's conflict with the state.

Wikipedia:Anarchism in Spain

Anarchists played a central role in the fight against Franco during the Spanish Civil War.

Anarchists in the Spanish Civil War

International Socialist Review

Anarchism in Action

A web version of a pamphlet about Anarchism in the Spanish civil War.

Images of the Spanish Revolution

A photo of the Anarchists in the Durruti Column.

Anarchy Archives

An online Research Centre on the History and Theory of Anarchism

Anarchists in the 1936 Spanish Civil War

Youtube video on Anarchists in the Spanish Civil War

10:05 Buenaventura Durruti

Wikipedia: Buenaventura Durruti

Buenaventura Durruti (July 14, 1896 ? November 20, 1936) was a central figure of Spanish anarchism during the period leading up to and during the Spanish Civil War.

Buenaventura Durruti, Libertarian Communist Militant of Spain

A website with links to various articles about Durruti.

Buenaventura Durruti papers

International Institute of Social History

Buenaventura Durruti

An article celebrating Durruti's influence.

Video tribute to Durruti.

Youtube video tribute to Durruti (in Spanish).

Buenaventura Durruti

Biography of Durruti's life.

11:16 Battle of Brunete

Wikipedia: Battle of Brunete

The Battle of Brunete (6 July ? 25 July 1937), fought 15 miles west of Madrid, was a Republican attempt to alleviate the pressure exerted by the Nationalists on the capital and on the north during the Spanish Civil War.

The Battle of Brunete

An article published online by Luis Silva on the Battle of Brunete.

The Battle of Brunete, July 1937

International Brigade website on the Battle of Brunete.

Battles of the Spanish Civil War

A simple guide to the Battles of the Spanish Civil War.

16:21 Esmond and Giles Romilly

Wikipedia: Esmond Romilly.

Esmond Marcus David Romilly (June 10, 1918?November 30, 1941) was a British socialist and anti-fascist, now remembered mainly for his marriage to Jessica Mitford, one of the Mitford sisters.

Wikipedia:Giles Romilly

Giles Samuel Bertram Romilly, (September 19, 1916 ? August 2, 1967), was a journalist, Nazi POW, brother of Esmond Romilly and nephew of Winston Churchill. He served as a war correspondent in both the Spanish Civil War and in World War II.

Giles and Esmond Romilly.

National Portrait Gallery pictures of the Romilly Brothers.

Esmond Romilly

Biography of Esmond Romilly's life.

The Public School Radicals of the 1930's.

Article on the Romilly brothers and the impact of the 1930's politics.

Rebel with a Cause: Decca and Esmond Romilly

An article tracing the adventure of Decca and Esmond and their joint expedition to join anti-franco forces in Spain.

16:52 ''Jarama Valley'' Song

Wikipedia: There's a Valley in Spain called Jarama

This song from the Second Spanish Republic is also known as Jarama Valley and El Valle del Jarama. The tune is Red River Valley.

Jarama Valley Song

Woodie Guthrie version of the song.

17:03 Alex McDade

Alex McDade

Alex McDade (1905-1937) was a Glasgow labourer who went to Spain to fight with XV International Brigade in the Spanish Civil War

Alex McDade and the Battle Hymn of the international Brigade.

An article about McDade and his participation in the Spanish Civil War.

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Credits

Date: 12 November 1985
Location: Copenhagen Street
City: London, England
Crew: Spectacle
Organisation: Spectacle
Original Format - colour, u-matic, 28 mins
Language versions - english
Useful link: - http://www.international-brigades.org.uk/...

Ordering Information

If you would like to request a viewing copy of this video, please click the email link below. You can find out more information about ordering in the distribution section.
Order Catalogue No. IBSpain01 - DVD - en - pal via email

Further Details

Links for International Brigades

Memorial Websites

The International Brigades Memorial Trust

Ireland and the Spanish Civil War

International Brigade Memorial in London

Homage to the Welsh International Brigaders.

The Friends and Veterans of the Mackenzie-Papineau Battalion

No Jubilem La Memoria No Jubilem la Mem?ria was created by a group of people who wished to preserve the history and memory of the Second Republic and the Spanish civil war in the Priorat (1931-39).

AABI: Asociaci?n de Amigos de las Brigadas Internacionales Also known as the 'Association of Friends of International Brigades'

ADAR: Asociacion de Aviadores de la Republica Spanish Aviators Association, Republican Air Force

ACER: Les Amis Des Combattants En Espagne Republicaine French Website with information, data and photographs.

Swedish Memorial Website

No Passaran Francais, Espanol, Catala, English. A site dedicated to those who fought in the Spanish Civil War

AIVCAS Associazione Italiana Combattenti Volontari Antifacisti di Spagna: Italian website for those who fought in the Spanish Civil War.

KFSR Kampfer und Freunde der Spanishen Republik 1936-1939. German website for those who fought in the Spanish Civil War.

Grup per la Recerca de la Mem?ria Hist?rica de Castell? Memorial site for the history of Castello

La Cucaracha: The Spanish Civil War 1936-1939 A site in memorial of the victims of Fascism.

Basque Children Association UK The website of the Basque Children of '37 Association UK

The International Brigades Bebo webpage

Historical Information Websites

International Brigades Wikipedia Website

ALBA Abraham Lincoln Brigade Archives

Sociedad Ben?fica de Historiadores Aficionados y Creadores

ARMH The Spanish Association for Retrieval of Historical Memory

Volunteers in the British Battalion in the Spanish Civil War

The Spanish Civil War and Revolution

Air Units and Pilots in the Spanish Civil War The website can be viewed in English and Espanola

Brigadas Internacionales

The International Brigades: Anti-fascist Volunteers of the Spanish Civil War (1936-1939) This site has extensive links to other web-pages.

Anarchism and the Spanish Civil War

A Brandlerite Militant A site detailing the POUM militia

International Volunteers in the POUM Militias

International Brigades Educational based website with good overview of the events.

The International Brigades Extensive links to websites and organizations worldwide

La Pasionaria's Farewell to the International Brigades

CEDOBI Centro de Estudios y Documentacion de las Brigadas Internacionales

French Anarchist Volunteers in Spain 1936-9

Marx Memorial Library

Working Class Movement Library Spanish Civil War Archives

Authors writing about the Spanish Civil War

George Orwell Wikipedia Website

Looking Back on the Spanish Civil War by George orwell The Complete Works of George Orwell.

Homage to Catalonia by George Orwell Wikipedia Website

For Whom the Bell Tolls by Ernest Hemingway Wikipedia Website

Andre Malraux Wikipedia Website

Recent Articles and news on the Spanish Civil War

Spanish Civil War: 70th Anniversary

Guardian Article: The Spanish Civil War Remembered Interviews with Survivors

Freedom Fighters or Comintern Army? International Brigades in Spain International Socialism Journal

The Red Brigades Socialist Review

Spanish Civil War Exhibition Commemorates Manchester International Brigaders

Waterford International Brigade Commemoration July 2004

An Unrepentant Communist Article about post-war surveillance on International Brigade Veterans

Poems from Spain: British and Irish International Brigaders on the Spanish Civil War

Photos and Pictures of the Spanish Civil War

The Visual Front Posters of the Spanish Civil War

Photojournalism During the Spanish Civil War

Arquitectura Militar de la Guerra Civil Espanola Pictures of Military Buildings

A Spanish Civil War Photo Essay Photos from the Spanish Civil War

A Guide to the Fifteenth International Brigade Photographic Unit Photograph Collection The Tamiment Library & Robert F. Wagner Labor Archives

A Film: La Colonne Durruti

Personal Memoirs and Memorials

Bob Peters: International Brigader and Honorary Member of La Columna

Harry Fisher: Veteran of the Abraham Lincoln Battalion

A Soldier Returns Letter from an American Fighter in the Durruti Column

A Danish Trotskyist in the Spanish Civil War

Specific Battles

La Batalla Del Jarma

El Valle del Jarma

La Defensa de Madrid

La Batalla De Guadalajara

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